Ophthalmologist in Latrobe, PA
An ophthalmologist is a medical and surgical specialist who examines, diagnoses, and treats disease and injuries in and around the eye. In addition to four years of medical school and one year of internship, every ophthalmologist spends a minimum of three years of hospital-based training—also called their residency—in ophthalmology. Most ophthalmologists spend an additional one to two years training in a specific area of eye care.
Conditions that can be treated by an ophthalmologist include changes in vision, eye injury or trauma, and eye problems related to other conditions—such as diabetes, as well as serious ocular issues like macular degeneration , retinal detachment, and glaucoma. While ophthalmologists and optometrists are both professionally trained to diagnose and treat many eye conditions, ophthalmologists are medically trained doctors.
During an ophthalmologist's residency, they receive training in all aspects of eye care, including prevention, diagnosis and the medical and surgical treatment of eye conditions. Subspecialty areas within eye medicine that can also be studied by ophthalmologists include further expertise in the following areas of medicine:
- Cornea and external disease: This subspecialty involves the cornea, iris, lens, eyelids, infections and irregularities, refractive errors, and many others.
- Glaucoma: This condition is a slowly progressive vision loss, until end stage when it leads to irreversible blindness. There are many different types of glaucoma, all of which can be treated by an ophthalmologist.
- Neuro-ophthalmology: These physicians specialize in treating patients with vision loss caused by neurological problems and diseases.
- Ophthalmic plastic surgery: This specialized area of ophthalmology deals with the management of deformities and abnormalities of the eyelids, tear ducts, and the face.
- Pediatric ophthalmology: This subspecialty focuses on providing routine primary and secondary care on referral and clinical testing for children.
Ophthalmology is a broad surgical specialty, but the most common types of eye surgery include laser eye surgery, cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, corneal surgery, and eye muscle surgery. Ophthalmologists are responsible for choosing which surgical procedure will best treat the patient's condition, as well as the pre-operative and post-operative care of the eye and its surrounding structures.
Your First Appointment:
A standard ophthalmic eye exam involves a series of tests designed to evaluate your vision and check for any possible eye diseases. First, your doctor will gather information about any eye or vision problems—your history of glasses or contact lenses will also be reviewed. Next, your doctor will check your vision with a refraction test—where you look through a device with different lenses at an eye chart.
Your eyes may also be dilated to enlarge your pupils. With the pupils fully enlarged, your doctor will be able to examine the inside of your eyes. Other parts of your ophthalmic eye exam may include:
- Eye muscle movement test
- External exam
- Visual acuity test
- Glaucoma testing
Request more information about ophthalmology today. Call (724) 915-1049 or contact Dr. Emma McGowan online.
Medical Wellness Associates
Jeannette, PA 15644
8:00 am - 7:30 pm
Tue: 9:00 am - 5:30 pm
Wed: 8:00 am - 7:30 pm
Thu: 8:00 am - 5:30 pm
Fri: 8:00 am - 2:00 pm
Sat: 8:00 am - 12:00 pm