Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome in Pensacola, FL
The human eye is an amazing, complex organ. There are many components that work together to enable its proper function. One very important feature of the human eye is a gel-like material called vitreous humor. Vitreous humor sits between your lens and retina. This gel is sealed in place to your retina by a thin layer called the vitreous cortex. As you age, the vitreous cortex can pull away from your retina, causing the vitreous to leak out. Everyone will lose a small amount of vitreous humor over time. In some cases, the vitreous cortex pulls completely away from the retina, which is a condition referred to as posterior vitreous detachment, or PVD. If the vitreous cortex remains partially attached, a condition known as vitreomacular traction syndrome (VMT syndrome) occurs. VMT syndrome is the result of pulling forces that lead to anatomical eye damage.
While relatively uncommon, vitreomacular traction syndrome can potentially begin at any age and among any race. However, it is more commonly an age-related disease that takes place among those suffering from diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration and other macular diseases, as well as those with extreme nearsightedness and post-menopausal women. It also tends to be somewhat more frequent among women than in men.
VMT syndrome can be worrisome. An ophthalmologist in Pensacola can help treat your vitreomacular traction syndrome safely. Call (850) 378-3843 or contact Dr. Sunil Gupta online.
Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome Symptoms
In the early stages, vitreomacular traction syndrome symptoms can be mild and develop slowly. As the disease progresses, you may experience:
- Burry, distorted vision
- Flashes of light in your eye (Photopsia)
- Objects appearing smaller than their normal size (Micropsia)
- Vision distortion that causes a grid of straight lines to appear wavy or blank (Metamorphopsia)
If left untreated, vitreomacular traction syndrome can lead to more serious eye problems which further distort your vision, including macular holes and macular edema.
Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome Treatment
In order to properly diagnose VMT syndrome, your healthcare provider with perform a thorough eye exam, which will include an optical coherence tomography (OCT). An OCT photographs your retina and allows your healthcare provider to see the retina's different layers in great detail and measure its thickness. Other tests that your healthcare provider may use include a dynamic B-scan ultrasound, which uses sound waves to help identify any issues within your eye, and a fluorescein angiography, which uses dye to evaluate the circulation in the retina and to detect swelling.
Once a VMT syndrome diagnosis is made, your vitreomacular traction treatment will be dependent upon the severity of the syndrome. For less severe cases, when direct intervention is unnecessary, your healthcare provider will likely monitor your retina with ongoing OCT scans. In some cases, VMT syndrome can resolve on its own. However, in more severe cases, the two most common courses of action that your healthcare provider could choose are:
- Ocriplasmin: For moderate cases, an FDA-approved intravitreal eye injection is recommended to help maintain your vision and repair small macular holes. These injections help repair the sealant between the macular and the vitreous.
- Vitreomacular traction surgery: In severe cases, in which VMT syndrome is causing more serious eye problems such as a larger macular hole, surgery is recommended to release the vitreomacular traction. Vitreomacular traction surgery removes the vitreous from the eye.
Upon a thorough exam, your healthcare provider will discuss your options with you in detail and develop a treatment plan that is ideal for your situation and lifestyle. Schedule a consultation with a qualified ophthalmologist in Pensacola that specializes in vitreomacular traction treatment! Call (850) 378-3843 or contact Dr. Sunil Gupta online.
Retina Specialty Institute
Address5150 North Davis Hwy.
Pensacola , FL 32503